How Jack Johnson Destroyed the Color Barrier

His opponent was an American named jess Willard. Jack Johnson was fearless. His successor, President Obama, has also refused to issue a pardon, and his administration states it is unlikely that Obama will change his mind. 

“I won from Mr. Willard was a working cowboy who came to boxing late. The term “any other immoral purpose” allowed prosecution of just about anyone (from Charlie Chaplin to Charles Manson) for just about anything.

It wasn’t close. Johnson hopped the rails to Denver, where he joined a training camp. Jack’s early experience led him to believe there was no difference between black people and white people except skin color. Ward (2004). Johnson later said he did not experience racism growing up, which some might find unusual for a black child growing up in the South in the nineteenth century.

Ward, Geoffrey C. Washington said:

Choynski saw Johnson’s physical prowess and innate ability, and helped Jack realize how important defense was to a fighter. All tried to fight Johnson, and all were avoided by the champ. The next year Johnson won what was called the World Colored Heavyweight Championship. Braddock declined, and was knocked out by Louis in 1937.

Jack was born in Galveston, Texas, and grew up playing with black and white children. He always remembered Choynski’s remark: “A man who can move like you should never have to take a punch.” Later Johnson attributed much of his success to what he learned from Joe Choynski.

http://www.biography.com/people/jack-johnson-9355980 

“It is unfortunate that a man with money should use it in a way to injure his own people, in the eyes of those who are seeking to uplift his race and improve its conditions, I wish to say emphatically that Jack Johnson’s actions did not meet my personal approval and I am sure they do not meet with the approval of the colored race.”

Johnson was boisterous in his demands to fight the white heavyweight champion, Jim Jeffries. Choynski was generous with his experience, sharing with Johnson the nuances of ring strategy, how to fight tactically, and how to turn defense into offense.

Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson, a documentary by filmmaker Ken Burns based on the nonfiction book of the same name by Geoffrey C. On February 25 1901 Choynski and Johnson had a fight.

. Johnson, on the other hand, was accused of ducking talented black heavyweight Sam Langford. Bush refused to issue a pardon. That was how he started boxing. The venerable Nat Fleischer, publisher of Ring Magazine and guru on all things boxing, named Jack Johnson the greatest heavyweight boxing champion of all time.

The larger controversy was a legal one. 270, 2010; Arizona Legal Studies Discussoin Paper NBo 10-009. Jeffries had a powerful wallop, but Choynski had a paralyzing punch. Then the war broke out, and the Johnson’s sailed away from Europe.

http://www.cyberboxingzone.com/boxing/jjohn.htm 

Jeffries retired without fighting Johnson. All were champions in the colored heavyweight division. I faced both and should know. He refused to ever fight Langford again, despite numerous demands to do so.

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/305329/Jack-Johnson

After three weeks bail was reduced to an affordable level. The outcome was never in doubt. On June 4, 1913, Johnson was sentenced to a year and a day in federal prison.

Johnson’s life draws mixed reactions from his own people. Houses and businesses were looted and burned. At 6 feet 6 inches and 235 pounds, Willard was much larger than Johnson. That’s my story.”

Betting odds were unanimously in Jeffries’ favor. His competitive spirit was still alive, and he did not want another black fighter eclipsing his career. The restaurant refused to serve him because of the color of his skin. 8, p. But many blacks were critical of Jack for rubbing his victory into white faces because this incited violence against Johnson’s own people.

Johnson had also committed two sins: publicly beating a white man, and bragging about it. As an adult he discovered how many people disagreed.

Jack Johnson was a hero to American blacks. African American scholar Booker T. Jack ducked perhaps the three best boxers (black or white) of his time: Sam Langford, Joe Jeanette, and Harry Wills. Johnson toyed with Burns, taunting him, hitting him with a barrage of punches, then catching Burns before he hit the floor, holding him up so he could punish him some more. He was a busy champion, defending his title seventeen times against most of the black heavyweights of his time.

On June 10 1946, Johnson was driving his sports car in North Carolina. Print.PG18. 

Johnson went through a seeming revolving door of women. Jeffries’ blows had no steam behind them, so how could he hope to defeat me?”

Johnson took Louis’ career as a supreme insult. Sullivan, “Gentleman” Jim Corbett, Robert Fitzsimmons, and the reigning champ, Jim Jeffries. After he did his time he returned to boxing. Johnson made intelligent use of the press to generate publicity for his fights. He made no concessions to the racial ideas of his time: be it from his own people or from whites.

The first controversy was Johnson’s refusal to give other African American boxers a shot at his title. Other activities included acting on stage, driving gaudy colored sports cars, dabbling in jazz bands, and running nightclubs. You take out the issue of white women and replace it with the issue of religion. He won his first fight at the age of twelve, fighting back against another child who was bullying him. Jack Johnson was the first African American heavyweight boxing champion of the world. His left hand was a corker. District Attorney prosecute Johnson. His best punches were his left jab and uppercuts. Property was destroyed. Johnson was prosecuted for a law that was not in effect at the time of his actions. Boxing was illegal in Texas, and in much of the country, although enforcement varied greatly from state to state.

Blacks (or coloreds, as they were known at the time) were also critical of Johnson’s preference for white women. While an appeal of Johnson’s conviction was pending, Jack disappeared. Jeffries was finally persuaded to return to the ring and set things right.

In the 1960’s Muhammed Ali saw a play about Jack Johnson’s life. This claim was contradicted by the news that Johnson bet $2500 on himself to win the fight. I should step into the ring again and demonstrate that a white man is king of them all.”

Much later in his career, Jack Johnson would compare Choynski’s power to the legendary power of Jim Jeffries:

eshttp://espn.go.com/gen/s/bhm2001/jackjohnson.htmlpn.com Black history month -= Wednesday, January 24, 2001, Jack Johnson (title) 

In the last years of Johnson’s career another African American heavyweight boxer rose to prominence. Jeffries because I outclassed him in every department of the fighting game. He met up with his wife, another (former) prostitute known as Lucille Cameron, in Montreal. Knopf, 2004. This annoyed the boxing establishment in Galveston, who invited veteran boxer Joe Choynski to Galveston to shut Johnson up. Burns won an Emmy Award for his direction.

Sources 

Only eight years after his death Jack Johnson became a charter member of the Boxing Hall of Fame. Soon a crowd gathered. Joe Jeanette accused Jack Johnson of drawing the color line against his own people.

Burns earned his money. Yet he chose to fight defensively and counter punch, letting Johnson do all the leading. Famed as a defensive tactician, Johnson could punch hard with both hands. Shreiber, who was bitter over being dumped by Johnson, was all too happy to help the U.S. The documentary was initially broadcast on PBS on January 17 and 18, 2005. It was reported that Burns finally agreed to fight Johnson when he was guaranteed a payday of $30,000 – a kingly sum at the time.

President George W. He never fought for the championship again but had a long career, fighting professionally until 1938. He was romantically linked to everyone from Mata Hari to Mae West. The two sailed to France. After losing seven of his last nine fights Jack officially hung up the gloves at age sixty.

*    *    *

March 31 1878 is the birth date of John Arthur “Jack” Johnson, who became the first African American heavyweight boxing champion of the world. Everyone Johnson knew was dirt poor. The Mann Act (named for Illinois Congressman James Mann) prohibited interstate transportation of  a “woman or girl for the purpose of prostitution or debauchery, or for any other immoral purpose.” Thus a very wide net was cast to allow prosecution of (mostly) men for most manners of sexual relations – even consensual sex.

Johnson’s first professional loss was a turning point in his career, because he got to share a jail cell with Joe Choynski for twenty-three days. White man hasn’t forgotten that fool nigger with his white women, acting like he owned the world.”  

The intent of the law was to protect young women coming from rural areas to work in large cities from being exploited, kidnapped, and trafficked in prostitution. He was a gamer who gave even champions all they could handle in the ring.

But poverty is a great leveler of races. Give me Joe Choynski anytime. The hype for the fight was enormous. Most of his losses came at the end of his career. He was energetic and worked a variety of other jobs.  As if on cue the Texas Rangers appeared, arrested the two fighters and threw them in jail. Choynski beat Johnson up and knocked him out in the third round. Both men were freed on the condition they left town. He was buried in an unmarked grave next to the graves of two of his wives: Etta Duryea Johnson and Irene Pineau.

 The sheriff allowed Johnson and Choynski to spar every afternoon. The press advanced all sorts of theories why whites were better than blacks. Willard’s body shots and the heat overcame the champion and he was knocked out in the 26th round.

The “Great White Hope” came out of retirement to fight champion Jack Johnson in what was called “The Fight of the Century.” Jeffries declared: “I feel obligated to the sporting public at least to make an effort to reclaim the heavyweight championship for the white race. Ali said: “That’s my story.

After the fight Johnson was outspoken:

Johnson was now a fully developed man: six foot one inch tall, 200 pounds, with well developed muscles, very dark skin, a shiny bald head, and a mouthful of gold teeth. Jeffries was totally outclassed by Johnson, who knocked out the former champion in the fifteenth round.

Jack toughened up more working at the docks in Galveston. He had made history.

Sometimes he was intentionally outrageous, like the time he walked a pet leopard while sipping champagne. But in the end the fight was a dud. But after the Jeffries fight, Johnson’s reign as champion was marred by legal problems, a flight from the country, a life of exile, and countless controversy.

Jack was a frail boy who was protected by his two older daughters. Although only a light heavy weight (170 pounds), Choynski’s courage and ferocious punching power more than made up for height and weight disadvantages. Then he moved to California and started fighting in earnest.

The trial was manifestly unfair. Johnson sped off angrily down Highway 1 until a violent collision with another vehicle  ended his life at age sixty-eight. His name was Joe Louis, and he studiously avoided any possible resemblance to Jack Johnson. . It was very hot, and midway through the 45 round match Johnson began laboring. Johnson’s words added fuel to the fire. Choynski had fought all the champions of the day: John L. Ali had lost his champtionship and his boxing license and was battling the federal government over his refusal to fight in Vietnam on religious grounds. He was quoted in the press as accusing Jeffries of ducking him. There were race riots across the country. He stopped at a diner in a small town near Raleigh to have lunch. Trainer Jack Blackburn warned Louis: “If you really ain’t gonna be another Jack Johnson, you got some hope. The two fought once, and Johnson was given the decision. He was the hardest puncher in the last fifty years…I think his left hook was even more effective than  (Jack) Dempsey’s.”

Whites were by turn devastated and infuriated by the result of the fight. Public (white) outcry turned to Jim Jeffries, living a quiet retirement on his alfalfa farm. Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise and Fall of Jack Johnson.New York: A.A. Jack turned the focus of his public campaign against the new champion, Canadian Tommy Burns. His official record was 79-8 with 46 knockouts. Johnson held the title for five years. Jack became more confident, and a defiant cockiness emerged – a trait that would follow him during his boxing career and public life.

International Boxing Hall of Fame, Joe Choynski. An all white jury quickly found Johnson guilty. Dozens of blacks were killed, and some whites.

Johnson’s last defense of his title was in 1915 at a racetrack in Havana, Cuba. His was a very public life, ushering in the idea of an athlete as a celebrity as well as a champion. When Louis got a title shot against the reigning champ, Irishman Jim Braddock, Johnson offered to train Braddock. I never changed my mind at any time. A master counter puncher, Johnson would lure his opponent into letting his hands go, block the blows, and then rain down merciless counterpunches. 

The Great White Hope, Howard Sackler’s 1967 theater dramatization of Jack Johnson’s life. 

“Jeffries number one? No sir. He won a few fights and got mouthy about his talent. He lived his life so large, in and out of the ring, that he was called “the most notorious African-American on Earth.”

In 2014 Senator John McCain continued a ten year campaign to secure a posthumous presidential pardon of Jack Johnson for his Mann Act conviction, on the grounds that the conviction was racially motivated and “diminished the athletic, cultural, and historical significance of Jack Johnson, and unduly tarnished his reputation.”

Later Jack claimed he threw the fight in a deal to avoid the Mann Act conviction. He bet against Louis and criticized him publicly. The champion had a string of very public affairs with white actresses and personalities. In 1912 Johnson was accused of violating the White Slave Traffic Act of 1910. Johnson frequented brothels and cavorted with prostitutes of both races, but reserved his marriage vows to white women – he said he had been married to black women and they had mistreated him.

The Mann Act was used to prosecute Jack Johnson for his relationship with a white prostitute named Belle Schreiber. Before I entered the ring I was certain I would be the victor. . Johnson had trouble finding fights in France due to his status as a convicted criminal. He took a brutal beating from Johnson, who punished the champion for fourteen rounds. Then film of the fight was shown. Jack learned to read and write, and worked odd jobs to support his family.

By 1902 Johnson was an up-and-coming heavyweight on the California circuit with 27 wins (he actually fought well over fifty fights, but many were ‘off the books’). http://www.ibhof.com/pages/about/inductees/oldtimer/choynski.html 

In 1921 Jack Johnson turned himself into American authorities and was imprisoned for his Mann Act conviction. . See http://ssrn.com/abstract=1563863 

Johnson was the first son (and third child of nine) born to  Henry and Tina “Tiny” Johnson, two former slaves who both worked blue collar jobs as a janitor and a dishwasher to support their children and put them through school. With no pretensions to maintain, blacks and whites co-existed, and learned to help each other make it through the grind of day to day survival. It was clear that Johnson fought hard but lost to a younger, stronger man.

This is high praise from a man many boxing experts consider the greatest heavyweight boxing champion of all time.

Orbach, Barak, The Johnson-Jeffries Fight and Censorship of Black Supremacy, July 22 2010, NYU Journal of Law & Liberty, Vol

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Betting On UFC Fights – InfoBarrel

Over the last few years there has been an increase in demand for betting sites to include every UFC event, and even some of the smaller venues like StrikeForce and WEC.

Start A Pool With Friends And Co-Workers

The UFC is fun enough to watch as it is, but when you start getting more involved in the fighters and start feeling the urge to bet on them, it becomes a whole lot more enjoyable. Just do a quick search for the most popular sports betting sites and chances are the top results will have MMA betting included.

One thing to keep in mind though is that betting is not legal everywhere. It pretty much is just what the URL implies, an MMA Playground. Just register a free account at www.mmaplayground.com and start making bets and wagers on upcoming UFC fights. There are also in-betweens that you don’t have to put any real money down, but you could win real money or other prizes.

This site is great for newbies or those who just don’t want to throw down any money of their own. Just start a pool and have everyone throw a few bucks into the pot and whoever gets the most fights correct wins the pot. This article will give you a few options to get you started. Make sure online betting is legal where you live before joining their sites. Good luck and have fun!

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Register For Free Fantasy MMA . After you register, take a few minutes to find a team, or “camp”, that way you guys can give each other advice on who to bet on. They give you fake money but they give real cash prizes for the best bettors. You can even have people pick which round the fight ends or how it ends to make sure you don’t have more than one winner at a time. Check it out, it’s hard not to like it.

Visit Real Betting Sites

If you’re looking to make some good old fashioned real bets, there’s quite a few sites out there that could fit your needs. Some sites will have you bet for fun, while others allow you to put real money down and offer betting odds. It’s really popular, really fun, and extremely addicting. This is always fun but sometimes you just can’t find enough people that watch UFC to join in.

As the UFC continues to grow in popularity, it’s quickly becoming one of the more popular sporting events to bet on as well. There’s even a forum to discuss fight predictions. Betting on UFC events can be extremely addicting since the UFC holds events year round and at least once a month, that’s why I prefer the fantasy MMA…you never have to worry about running your bank account dry.

If you’re looking for ways to bet on UFC events, read on. These sites require you to bet your own real money so you can win real money. This is always fun, as long as you have enough people in your area that watch UFC events

Negative Effects of Gambling

Their debt keeps building and it may reach an amount that exceeds their capacity to repay.

Gambling = Thoughtless Expenditure + Waste of Time

? Children of parents who are problem gamblers or gambling addicts tend to feel abandoned and angry, further increasing stress and leading to strained family relations.

? Similar to how an individual keeps consuming substances like drugs or alcohol to experience an altered mental state, he continues to gamble. Forget satisfaction or peace, it is not even refreshing in the real sense. In spite of the losses incurred, they continue betting. According to the National Research Council, 10 to 17% of the children of problem gamblers have been abused and so have 25 to 50% of the partners of problems gamblers.

? Gambling is practiced as a means of recreation. Some take to substance abuse to supplement the high they get from winning huge sums while gambling. Rehabilitating the gambling addicts needs money and time, and the process is not very easy. Addiction to gambling, coupled with substance abuse can make the gamblers physically abusive towards their family. It soon becomes a habit that can’t be broken.

? Gambling at the cost of one’s job results in a decline in the quality of his professional life. The greed never ends and they keep betting more and more. The addiction robs a gambler of all the productive time and leads to loss of efficiency at work. They engage in gambling activities at the cost of their time with family and friends. Card games, coin tossing, and dice-based games are some non-casino based forms of gambling. The effect is similar to that of having a drug or a drink, which is why gambling changes one’s mental state and mood.

Compulsive gambling leads to bankruptcy

? According to the University of New York, in people with alcohol use disorders, the chances of developing an addiction to gambling are 23 times higher.

? Research has shown that gambling can lead to harmful behavior in people. Due to lost mental peace, they may ill-treat their spouse and children. A recreational activity is supposed to be refreshing and relaxing, but something like gambling is contrary to the very purpose of recreation. In the following sections of this Buzzle article, we discuss the negative effects of gambling on the individual and society.

You could be at gunpoint or holding the gun. Because of this, they land in worse situations and take the wrong decisions in life.

? Substances of abuse are served at casinos and in pubs and clubs, thus increasing the likelihood of gamblers consuming them. Sports betting and arbitrage betting are the other types. The decision to gamble money is based on three parameters namely; how much to bet, the predictability of the event, and the conditions agreed upon, between the gamblers. Thus, gambling practices cause a huge financial burden on the families of the affected and on the society at large.

? The stress from gambling may lead to health issues like ulcers, stomach problems, muscle pains, headaches, and problems with sleep.

? Additionally, rehabilitation and public assistance systems are taxed.

? Gambling can lead to criminal activities. To add to the so-called merry atmosphere, gamblers often smoke or drink while playing.

Games offered in casinos, table games like poker, Red Dog, and Blackjack, as also electronic games like Slot Machine and Video Poker are some of the common types of gambling. Six to eight million people in America are estimated to have a gambling problem.

? People who fall prey to gambling tend to remain away from their families and waste money on other bad practices. The skill of a gambler lies in weighing the three parameters and making a decision about what amount should be staked and how much should be expected in return.

? Studies show that children with a sibling or parent addicted to gambling, are more likely to take to substance abuse.

? Addiction to gambling has been linked with substance abuse. It causes a decline in his/her work performance, thus hampering his career.

? Apart from absence at work and drop in efficiency, a common observation is that gamblers tend to steal money and engage in fraudulent behavior to recover from financial losses incurred when gambling, or to get more money to bet.

? The costs of treating compulsive gamblers are huge. The addiction has negative effects on one’s physical and mental health and it proves to be detrimental to one’s social, personal, and professional life. Betting is a mentally taxing activity, and as one goes on risking more and more money, anxiety starts building.

? People continue gambling with the greed of winning money. The two go hand in hand. The stress of risking huge amounts of money or the frustration after losing it can increase the tendency of abuse in gamblers. Some go that way to forget the sorrow of losing big sums when gambling.

? The addiction to gambling can leave one in bankruptcy. Their mental state can even lead to suicidal tendencies.

? Problem gamblers and addicts tend to abuse their family members. Over time, it becomes a habit, and eventually an obsession that can’t be overcome. They tend to stay away from their near ones, resulting in distrust between them and their loved ones.

? According to a study by the George State University, 50% of the problem gamblers commit crime. The addiction leads people to continue with gambling irrespective of whether they earn or lose in the deal. The National Council of Problem Gambling (NCPG) describes this type of gambling behavior as problem gambling.

? As gambling leads to increased criminal activities, in a way, gamblers add to the burden on prisons and the legal system.. It can drag you into crime, gambling isn’t fun.

Gambling refers to the betting of money on an event with an uncertain outcome, with the intent of winning additional wealth. The addiction gets on to the gamblers to such an extent that they fail to think wisely before acting. A study by the same university suggested that 73% of the individuals who are imprisoned are found to be problem gamblers.

? An Austrian study said that around 1 in 5 suicidal patients had a gambling problem.

? Gamblers often exhibit mood swings and a strangely secretive behavior. When they lose the money they had risked, they further gamble to recover the lost amount and it becomes a vicious circle even they can’t escape from.

? According to a research by NCPG, 76 percent of problem gamblers are likely to have a major depressive disorder.

? Gambling has proven to be addictive. This proves to be detrimental to their social and family life. It only leads to a thoughtless expenditure of money and valuables.

Initially, one looks at gambling as a way to run away from life’s problems, or from stress, anger, and loneliness. On giving a serious consideration to the negative effects of gambling, we realize that it is best avoided.

? Over time, the practice of gambling starts becoming a habit and begins to have damaging effects at psychological, physical, and social levels. Thus, gambling can have a grave economic impact which is difficult to reverse.

? A majority of those addicted to gambling have substance abuse disorders.

Mental and physical health problems, financial issues, and conflicts in the family are among the common negative effects of gambling. ? They start borrowing money and take secret loans

How to Bet Proposition Bets at a Sportsbook by RJ Bell

These are not fixed and are adjusted by sportsbooks several times leading up to the event and are sometimes released months before an event. For example, you can bet on:

For non-team sports like golf, boxing, tennis and NASCAR, “Matchup Betting” offers an alternative to simply betting on the event’s winner. Other examples of props for non-team sports include what racing team will finish highest in a particular NASCAR race (Chevy, Ford or Dodge) or how many rounds will the fight between Mike Tyson and Kevin McBride last (Over/Under 8.5 rounds). An artificial head-to-head matchup involves competitors in an event like a golf tournament or auto race who are indirectly competing against each other since in reality they are competing against everybody in the field, not just one other competitor.

Proposition bets for non-team sports are not limited to “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” but those are the primary ways to wager on them. So be aware of all your wagering options and don’t miss out on the excitement non-team sports have to offer with prop betting!

Furthermore, a tennis match would be considered a tournament-style head-to-head matchup since the competitors involved directly play against each other in the event.

Betting to Win

Matchup Betting

What player will score the game’s first touchdown

RJ Bell

©Pregame.com 2006

Website: http://www.Pregame.com

Betting sides and totals on major sports like baseball, basketball and football are the most common wagers available everywhere. An example with team sports would be NFL futures, where you often can get much higher odds on a team by betting before the season starts. These artificial matchups are also fake in the sense that bookmakers are the ones creating them – solely for betting purposes – and different books will often offer different matchups. The same holds true for major team sports like NFL and college football, NBA and college basketball and MLB baseball.

The main advantage of futures is that you can get appealing odds by betting far in advance of when the event takes place.

“Betting to Win” an outcome event like The Masters is the most common way to wager on individuals competing for a particular non-team title.

It is very important to note that not all the competitors in an event may be listed, so another betting option is on the “field” which includes all other competitors not listed. Props, also known as exotic wagers, are also extremely popular on high-profile team sporting events like the Super Bowl in Las Vegas . If her opponent pulls off the upset, $100 bet on the underdog would profit $360 (plus the return of the $100 risked). In exchange for a lesser payout, field bettors gain the advantages of having more than one entrant that can win for them.

What will be the exact margin of victory

What team will win the coin toss

Here’s how the money line would be listed: Serena Williams -400 / #102 Ranked Opponent +360. However, many sportsbooks also offer proposition bets (or props short) for gambling on non-team sports like golf, tennis, boxing and auto racing – including NASCAR – due to their growing popularity. Since golf and NASCAR both have pre-qualifying, not everybody makes the cut to the final day of competition, and these group matchups require all individuals to qualify in order to be eligible for action.

Contributed by:

Before every major event in non-team sports like golf, tennis and auto racing, futures are set by oddsmakers. “Matchup Betting” generally involves an individual going up against another individual in a head-to-head event, such as a tennis match, and the odds are determined using the money line. The Imperial Palace Casino’s sportsbook is well-known for the enormous number of prop bets offered. .

Every $400 bet on Serena nets a $100 profit if she wins (plus the return of the $400 risked). The two main ways of wagering on non-team sports are “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” which pits an individual against another individual or a group of individuals.

For example, if Serena Williams faced an overmatched opponent in the U.S. For example, betting on the 2006 Masters golf tournament now might get you much better value on Tiger Woods, who may be 10/1 at this moment but dip to 6/1 closer to the event if he is on a roll. The odds on a “field” bet are typically comparable to a bet on the favorite in order to protect sportsbooks from taking a big hit if a major upset occurs. Unlike team sports such as football, non-team sports also have multiple events over the course of a year, so “Betting to Win” obviously happens much more frequently than a once a year NFL futures bet on the Super Bowl winner does.

Group matchups are another way “matchup betting” is used which is particularly popular in golf and auto racing events like NASCAR, where you can select whether a leading competitor or a few other lesser competitors will finisher higher amongst the group, with the odds again based on money lines. For more information on how this works, be sure to check out How to Read the Money Line. Open tennis tournament, a reasonable money line would require Serena bettors to risk $400 to win $100 while a $100 bet on her opponent would win $360.

As you can see, there’s much more to betting than simply totals and sides, especially when it comes to gambling on non-team sports. A NFL future bet on a team to win the Super Bowl might be 20/1 in the preseason; but by midseason, their odds might decrease to 10/1 if they turn out to be legitimate championship contenders

Casino-Gaming :: Video Poker | ArticleBiz.com

In fact, in many ways it is much better than a traditional Poker game because it can be played much faster. A player has to really be on their toes if they are trying to play quickly because it can be overwhelming if someone isn’t paying attention.. Most of the time that is a good thing, unless you are just anti-social (which isn’t bad either).

There are many out there among you, myself included, that at times simply want to sit down at the computer and play a thoughtless game that has a little kick to it to make my day a little more exciting. In a full on Poker game, be it at a live dealer online casino where there is a real person there dealing the cards, along with real players, or at a computer generated online Poker game there is the expectation that you will have to interact with someone at some point of the game. These are great days for simple slot machines. If you really want to get fancy you can go from a three reel machine into the five reel machines, or more, and maybe make things a little more exciting.

For example, the online Poker world is one of convenience in and of itself. There is absolutely no wait time while the new hand is dealt. You never have to wait in line to play, or wait for a dealer to sit down to begin playing. Let me clarify. But the Video Poker aficionado can certainly tell you that the two are very far from the same.

Video Poker is for the Poker enthusiast that doesn’t really want to get involved in a full blown Poker game but also wants elements of the excitement that goes along with a great Poker game. Now you may be wondering what Video Poker has to do with slot machines, but the truth is that the two are very similar. Video Poker is at the whim of the player playing the game anytime, anywhere, and any place.

There are those that will always love their slot machines, but if the urge strikes Video Poker, even just a little, is a great distraction-and you might never go back.

Video Poker takes away all of these elements, yet provides the player with the exact same game. Or even worse, wait for some inexperienced player to figure out what they are doing. They both have the same type of gaming interface and both are fairly easy to play. Even in a live dealer online casino a player is at the whim of the online dealer and all of the real players that join. But for many there is only one answer to a slot machine fix and that is Video Poker

Lead Weights in Sports Racing

Horses are fully mature by the age of three, without the impost a mature horse will always win a race with a younger horse, especially over a longer course. It is important to be able to predict how the race track will change over the race and adjust the lead weight accordingly.

o Front placed lead weights are important for steering and handling. As the race progresses the car will burn fuel so will become lighter. While the rules require cars meet a minimum weight to be allowed to race, this is actually a secondary factor in most cases.

In order for the racing to move, the engine needs to produce enough power and the tires have to generate enough traction.

In addition to the weight of the jockey and the saddle, the horse carries a defined amount of lead weights in the saddle bags. If there rear weight is high then the handling will improve as the race goes on but the car will not be as fast in the early laps due to the increased weight. As the car drives into the corners, the weight will tend to transfer onto the outer tires having weight on the sides of the car will tend to keep traction on the inside wheels.

One other weight factor that needs to be considered is fuel weight. So it is key to understand how the race track will change.

Lead weights are used to handicap horse races, to make the race more competitive.

Nuclead can supply lead weights for all applications. Nuclead offers lead weights for sprts racing, x-ray rooms, lead flashing, lead bricks, lead alloy pours & sheets, lead based alloys, lead bar stock, lead bullets, extrusions, lead weights, ingots & other lead products.

Lead Weights for handicapping horse races

Author’s Bio: 

. However, predicting a winner of a race is relatively easy based on the maturity of the horse and its past performance, so in order maintain a competitive betting experience many horse races are handicapped.

The most important factor that that determines the amount of lead weight added to the saddle bag is the maturity of the horse. In sports, lead weights are used most often horse racing and car racing.

While the object of any race is to win, lead weights are used to different purpose in horse racing and car racing. Lead weights need to be carefully placed in several parts of the chassis for example:

o Rear placed weights are important for traction; the amount of weight is determined by the race track conditions. In horse racing the lead weights are used to ensure a more completive leas predictable race, while in car racing the added lead weight is used fine tune the performance of the car to increase an individual’s chance of winning.

Nuclead has available lead weights for all applications, up to 40,000 lbs in many configurations.

Lead weights for racing car traction and handling

In racing cars lead weights are used to help control the cars traction and handling. Betting can take place based on how well the horse is performing, and factors such as the horses “pace” (defined as how the horse runs a race front runner, closer etc.), how well the horse looks in the paddock and the skill of the jockey. The more weight the more of both are needed.

A well constructed race car will need to add weight to meet the rules, but the placement of the added weight can make a significant difference to how the car performs on the track. As a result, in 1855 the weight for age scale was introduced by the then steward of the Jockey Club, Henry John Rous. Lead weights have a myriad number of uses in all industry and human activity. This lead weight is called the “impost” and is assigned by the racing authorities based on several factors.

The most important factor in the popularity of horse racing (the sport of kings), is the betting on the result. Depending on the length of the race and track conditions decisions need to be made regarding the percentage of weight at the rear. The handicappers can add additional interest by setting up races between horses with similar paces styles.

Conclusion

Lead weight plays an important part in many sports races, but not always for the same reasons.

Lead is a dense a relatively inexpensive metal. Weights are typically placed higher than rear weights in order to increase front roll and subsequently front tire traction.

o Side weight is important for handling in the corners. Under the weight for age scale the amount of lead weight the horse carries is determine by the horse’s age, its sex, the race distance and the month.

As a result of the handicapping, races become much less predicable and much more interesting. High traction race-tracks will obviously need less weight at the rear, but the track conditions will vary on several factors including the weather, and time into the race

How the Sports Betting Line is Made by RJ Bell

This usually includes having up-to-date power ratings on each team. Mike Seba is a Senior Oddsmaker at LVSC and has been making lines for the last six years. Stated another way, they want to create a line that half the people find appealing to bet one way while the other half find it appealing to bet the other way (known as ‘dividing the action’). Also, adjustments are made after reading each team’s local newspapers to get a sense of what the coaches & players are thinking going into the game. . In our extended interview, Seba explained that there are 4-5 oddsmakers assigned to make lines for each of the major sports (pro & college football and basketball; MLB, NHL, boxing, golf).

Oddsmakers at LVSC are professional sports junkies who love what they do and would probably do it for nothing if you asked them, but they do get paid for it.

The opening line is the first line created by the oddsmakers, which is then sent out to sportsbooks. For example, the public might have heavy betting interest week after week on a popular college football team such as USC.

A round-table discussion among the 4-5 oddsmakers involved in making the line for each sport is then conducted and a consensus line is decided upon by the Odds Director before it is released to the sportsbooks. “We’re not trying to pick the team that covers the spread, we’re trying to make it a coin flip, a tough decision (for the bettor).

“The main objective is that our clients get equal action on both sides,” Seba said.

Moving the line is the oddsmaker’s effort to balance betting action, and often times such moves can have a major impact on a bettor’s decision. Seba explained that it all starts with each oddsmaker creating a line on each game based upon their own personal approach. The purpose of these adjustments, like all line adjustments, is to more equally divide the betting action.

RJ Bell

©Pregame.com 2006

Website: http://www.Pregame.com

Divided action means the sportsbook is guaranteed a profit on the game because of the fee charged to the bettor (called juice or vig – typically $11 bet to win $10).

Individual books having players who consistently bet with certain tendencies (such as an extreme bias toward favorites or toward a certain popular team like USC)

“You either have a passion for it or you don’t,” Seba said.

Since the oddsmaker’s ultimate goal is equally dividing the betting action, public perception and betting patterns must be taken into account. In doing so they attempt to make more attractive the team that is getting less action. Obviously, if the line comes out a week ahead of the event (which is the case in football), there is much that could happen during the week leading up to the event that could affect the line. Oddsmakers have to determine if any changes are necessary and send out an “adjusted line.”

Las Vegas Sports Consultants (LVSC) is the world’s premier oddsmaking company and the most respected authority on making the lines. Examples of non-game factors that would require an adjustment to a team’s power rating are key player injuries and player trades.

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Once betting begins, sportsbooks can adjust the line at any time.

“The #1 thing for us is to make a line for each game that creates good two-way action. If an oddsmaker comes up with a preliminary line of USC -7, then an adjustment up to -7.5 or -8 would be made in response to the public’s expected USC bias.

How the Opening Line Is Made

Oddsmakers can also change the line depending on various event-related factors such as player injuries or weather. That is not the case at all – their intent is NOT to evenly split the ATS result between the teams; rather, their goal is to attract equal betting action on both sides. People think it’s much more complicated, but it’s not.”

Experts working for the individual books having a strong opinion on the game

Once the opening line is released by LVSC, the individual sportsbooks decide if they want to make any adjustments before offering it to the public.

What Is the Line Trying to Accomplish?

The last step in the line-making process for each oddsmaker is taking one final look to determine whether or not the line “feels right.” This is where common sense and past experience with how games are bet enters into the picture. The power ratings are adjusted after each game a team plays. We do this by drawing from past experiences and applying them to current situations. Of course there is an entire method to the madness on how the opening line is created.

Once a game’s power rating based pointspread is determined, the oddsmaker will make adjustments to that line after considering each team’s most recent games played and previous games played against that opponent. If we’ve done that, we’ve done our job.”

For example, if the pointspread on a game is 7 and most of the money is coming in on the underdog (taking the +7), sportsbooks will then move the number down to 6 ½ to try and attract money on the favorite. Reasons for such adjustments include:

There is a common misconception that point spreads represent the oddsmakers’ prediction of how many points the favorite will win by.

Why the Line Changes

Power ratings are the oddsmaker’s value of each team and are used as a guide to calculate a “preliminary” pointspread on an upcoming game. Each of these oddsmakers bring unique opinions, strengths and weaknesses to the process. Of the 4-5 oddsmakers, generally the 2 most respected opinions are weighed more heavily by the Odds Director before he decides on the final line. By necessity their approach is very research-oriented and concise, since with millions of dollars at risk there is little margin for error. By moving the line, sportsbooks can influence how the public bets on a particular game

Betting Blogs ~ OLBG Betting Blogs

com Galway Plate is an extremely valuable Grade A Handicap Steeplechase which is run over 2 miles, 6 furlongs and 110 yards at Galway on Wednesday, 27 July and is one of the highlights of the 7 day Galway Festival meeting.  By Robmull in Horse Racing

The Tote.

The Galway Plate often provides punters with an fiendishly difficult challenge with an average field of just under 22 runners. more

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Galway Plate Key Race Trends – 27 July 2016

19 July 2016 15:34.

During the past decade, 3 market leaders have obliged for a LSP of 4…

Interesting Horse Facts

This word originates from the Greek dialect, and means ‘quickness’. Their actual birth date is considered only when they are going to be used for endurance riding.

Here are some more interesting facts about these beautiful creatures… According to a study by Deloitte Consulting LLP for the American Horse Council Foundation done in 2005, 2 million Americans own a horse. It had 4-toed front feet and 3-toed hind feet, and resembled a fox more than the horse of today.

The prehistoric horse, Hyracotherium, went through innumerable transformations over millions of years to become the modern one-toed horse.

By 3000 B.C., this majestic beast was completely tamed and domesticated, and now only 1 wild subspecies of horse exists, which too, has been declared “rare”. Their moods can be determined with the help of their nostrils, eyes and ears.

Interesting Facts About Horses

? In most cases, the foal (young horse) is born at night, away from danger and prying eyes.

? Of all land-dwelling mammals, horses have the largest eyes, and since they are located on either side of its head, they have almost 360º vision! They can see different things with each eye!

? Within a couple of hours after being born, a foal can stand and walk!

Did You Know..?Hyracotherium was one of the first horses that lived about 50 million years ago. If you are in a bad mood, your horse may act out, but if you are in a good mood your horse will be well-behaved and easy to work with.

? Horses cannot sleep more than 3 hours per day. They sleep only 3 – 4 hours per day!

? A little about their head markings:

A narrow white mark, which runs down the face from the forehead, is called a Stripe.

A white mark, which covers one or both the lips and proceeds up to the nostrils, is called a White Muzzle.

A broad splash of white that covers most parts of the forehead between the eyes and carries, right down the nose to the muzzle is called a Blaze.

Any kind of mark, which appears on the forehead of a horse, is called a Star, irrespective of whether it resembles one.

? A horse has 4 gaits:Walk (2 beats) – The average walking speed of a horse is 4 – 5 miles per hour.

Trot/Jog (2 beats) – 8 – 12 miles per hour is the average speed at which a horse trots.

Lope/Canter (3 beats) – A horse can canter at an average of 12 – 16 miles per hour.

Gallop – Horses can gallop at 26 – 32 miles per hour.

Besides this, some horses have a varied gait referred to as ambling.

? The height of a horse is measured using the unit, “hand”, where one hand equals four inches. It is called Equinophobia.

? The hoof of a horse is like a fingernail.

? Little Pumpkin is the smallest pony in history – it stood high at 14 inches and weighed 20 lbs.

? Horses can sleep lying down as well as standing up. Some of them live for 40 years or more but these cases are not very common. Even the three hours of sleep is not taken at a stretch. So if a horse measures 16 hands, it is 16×4 which is 64 inches tall.

The horse industry is very important in America for various reasons.

? Foals have milk teeth, just like human babies. They are Tarpan Horse and Przewalski’s Horse. Equus caballus, is a term given to modern-day horses. A horse’s teeth can give a good estimate of its age!

? Some people have a fear of horses. Rather, they sleep sporadically throughout the day in 10 – 15 minute spells.

? A fully grown 1000 lb horse will eat anywhere between 16 – 26 lb of food, and drink 10 – 12 gal of water!

? Poe, a horse who lives in Ontario, Canada, is reported to be the tallest horse, measuring 20.2h at the withers! He stands almost 10 feet tall when he’s holding his head high!

? There are more than 350 breeds of horses in the world!

? Horses cannot vomit, and hence digestion problems could be fatal to a horse. A farrier or blacksmith is the person who cares for a horse’s feet.

? Horses use their facial expressions to communicate. The horse industry provides around 5 lac full-time job opportunities, with almost 8 lac employees (full-time and part-time). About 4.6 million people are a part of the horse industry (includes owners, full-time and part-time employees, service providers, and volunteers). At around age 3, these start getting replaced by permanent teeth. To be more specific, the offspring of a stallion and female donkey is a hinny, while the offspring of a mare and male donkey is a jack. ? A horse has two blind spots. Around 3500 B.C., things changed and people began taming horses and using them to carry things, instead of only hunting them for meat. The first species is extinct, while the second is a rare species.

Special Mentions

? Old Billy was the oldest recorded horse who lived to the ripe old age of 62!

? Falabella of Argentina, is the smallest breed of horses. GDP is more than a 100 billion US dollars! In terms of taxes, the horse industry pays almost $2 billion to the government! In a nutshell, horses are important – for various reasons. A cross between a donkey and zebra is known as a zedonk.

? Only two subspecies of horses have never been domesticated. They do not grow more than 30 inches in height.

? A year is added to a horse’s birthday on January 1st (Northern Hemisphere) and on August 1st (southern hemisphere) irrespective of their actual birth date. It grows throughout its life and needs to be clipped regularly so that it does not cause discomfort to the horse. The leading cause of death in horses is reported to be colic.

? First off, let’s see the terminology associated with the horse:Foal – Male or female horse less than 1 year old.

Yearling – Male or female horse between 1 and 2 years old.

Colt & Filly – Colt is a male horse between 2 and 4 years old, while a filly is a female horse between 2 and 4 years old.

Mare – A female horse older than 4 years.

Gelding & Stallion – Gelding is a castrated male horse older than 4 years, while a stallion is a non-castrated male horse older than 4 years.

? A horse is a member of the “equus” family.

? Horses usually live for around 25 to 35 years. If it rests its head on your shoulder, it means that he/she trusts you.. One is located directly in front of them while the other is located directly behind.

? A horse’s head weighs 11.84 pounds on an average, while its heart can weigh an amazing 10 pounds.

? A horse’s mood usually mirrors the emotions of its owner. They are adorable creatures and should be taken care of, as they deserve it.

? Horses, zebras and donkeys belong to the same genus, and hence can breed with one another! A cross between a horse and a zebra, is known as a zebroid, or zorse. Ponies live longer than horses.

? If you hold your hand out to a horse and it approaches you, while then blowing warm air onto the palm of your hand, it means that he/she wants to be friends with you. The goods and services of the horse industry amount to around $40 billion and its impact on the U.S.

In the beginning, horses were wild animals